THE MONUMENTS OF PARIS
LES MONUMENTS DE PARIS
NOTRE DAME DE PARIS
Our Lady of Paris is situated on the island La Cité along the banks of the Seine river.
It is here that Napoleon Bonaparte himself was crowned to underline the superiority of his laic power over the sacred power of the Pope.
Moreover, Victor Hugo refers to it in his famous book ”Notre-Dame de Paris”.
LA TOUR EIFFEL
It was built in the occasion of the World Fair in 1889 as well as for the celebration of hundred years since the French Revolution.
It was the biggest as well as the most original construction of this time.
It is made of iron, steel and glass.
On the second floor there is the Jules Vernes restaurant from where you have a great view of Paris.
It was the palace of the kings until the time of Louis XIV, nicknamed ”Sun King”, who built Versailles and he said the famous phrase ”the state it is me”, which evokes the absolute monarchy.
LE CENTRE POMPIDOU- BEAUBOURG
At the heart of Paris, very near the Louvre, the center of art and culture Georges Pompidou is impressive with its multicolored pipes and its outer escalators.
An extremely beautiful palace used for ballet performances which was designed by Charles Garnier for Emperor Napoleon III.
Its inside is decorated with gold leaves and with precious stones.
L’OPÉRA DE PARIS –BASTILLE
At first the Bastille evokes the prison which was in the middle of the homonymous square and was destroyed at the beginning of the French Revolution. It symbolized the hateful absolutism and there were imprisoned those who were against the regime of royalty.
In its place they have set up the Column of Justice.
In 1989 was built the Opéra de Bastille with a transparent facade for classical and modern operas.
LE SACRÉ COEUR
Basilica of Sacre-Coeur, the Sacred Heart, this white as snow church is in Montmartre, the most picturesque district of Paris. Built in the north of Paris, it offers a superb view on Paris.
Montmartre was home to every kind of artist of the 19th and 20th centuries as Vincent van Gogh, Edgar Degas, Auguste Renoir, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and many others.
L΄ARC DE TRIOMPHE
In the most majestic place of Paris, the Champs-Elysées stands one of the greatest arches in history, the Arc de Triomphe.
Twelve great avenues lead to the triumphal arch of the Étoile.
The Arc de Triomphe was built to honour the big army of Napoleon after the victory of Austerlitz.
The Pantheon Paris is a building in the Latin Quartier of Paris. It combines liturgical functions with its role as a famous burial place.
Here are buried Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Marie Curie and many other personalities.
The Sorbonne is situated next to the Pantheon, in the Latin Quarter, where there are also many cultural establishments.
It is a cultural district full of young people and it is close to Saint-Germain-des-Près where there are many famous literary cafes.
This is where Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir wrote their mythical novels in the café Les Deux Magots and the Cafe de Flore.